About District

The Imphal West District falls in the Category of Manipur valley region. It is a tiny plain at the centre of Manipur surrounded by Plains of other districts. Imphal City, the State Capital is the nodal functional centre of this District. As a first glance, we may summarized as in the table.

It is surrounded by Kangpokpi District on the north, on the east by Imphal East and Thoubal districts, on the south by Thoubal and Bishnupur Districts, and on the west by Senapati and Bishnupur Districts.

Important Statistics (2011 census)

Number of Villages
Category State District
Total 2,582 124
Inhabited 2,515 107
Uninhabited 67 17
Number of Towns
Category State District
Statutory 28 8
Census 23 5
Total 51 13
Number of Households
Category State District
Normal 5,55,234 1,10,672
Institutional 1,919 250
Houseless 706 234
Population
Category State District
Persons(Total) 28,55,794 5,17,992
Males 14,38,586 2,55,054
Females 14,17,208 2,62,938
Persons(Rural) 20,21,640 1,95,113
Males 10,26,884 96,948
Females 9,94,756 98,165
Persons(Urban) 8,34,154 3,22,879
Males 4,11,702 1,58,106
Females 4,22,452 1,64,773
Percentage Urban Population
State District
29.21 62.33
Decadal Population Growth 2001-2011
Category Number(Percentage) for State Number(Percentage) for District
Persons 6,89,006(31.80) 73,610(16.56)
Males 3,42,952(31.30) 33,273(15.00)
Females 3,46,054(32.31) 40,337(18.12)
Area (in sq Km.)
Category State District
22327 519.00
Density of Population (Persons per sq Km.)
State District
128 998
Sex Ratio (Number of females per 1000 males)
Category State District
Total 985 1,031
Rural 969 1,013
Urban 1,026 1,042

Climate

The district enjoys confortable temperature throughout the year; not very hot in summer and not very cold in winter. Over all the climatic condition of the district is salubriouces and monsoon tropical. The whole district is under the influence of the monsoons characterised by hot and humid rainy seasons during the summer, and cool and dry seasons during the winter. Temperature ranges from minimum of 0o C to maximum of 36oC. the average annual rainfall based on the meteorological data published for the years 1991-99 is 1259.5 mm. The district gets rainfall from the South-West monsoon.

Soil

The valley area of imphal West district is fertile land and is mainly made up of alluvial soil of recent origin. The valley was once full of swamps and marshy lands, the important ones being Lamphelpat, Takyelpat, Sangaipat, Kakwapat, Poiroupat (pat means lake). The soil are mainly made up of shallow black, brown and alluvial soils which have been technically classified as Udalfs-Ochrepts and Orchrepts-Aquepts-Fluvents.

Rivers

Main rivers draining Imphal west plain are Imphal river, Nambul river and their tributaries. The Nambul river is made up of a number of small streams on its upper course. The course of the river is short and its outlet falls on Loktak Lake. This river passes through Imphal Municipality area dividing its area into almost two equal halves. This river serves as the main dischargeing drainage of Imphal Bazar area and its surroundings. During rainy season, swift flowing of water directed to it from its tributaries can’t be contained in it. As a result, breaking of its river bunds causing waterlogging in the low lying area is of regular feature.