The administration of the district is headed by the District Magistrate-cum-Deputy Commissioner (Collector). He is assisted by other officers and staff as are appointed from time to time. Maintenance of law and order, revenue administration and other developmental activities of the district are the basic duties of the district administration.
Each sub-division is in charge of a Sub-divisional Officer (SDO) who is also concurrently a Sub-Divisional Magistrate. Within each sub-division there are smaller administrative circles headed by Sub-Deputy Collectors. Other district heads are Superintendent of Police, District Officer (Horticulture and Soil onservation), Chief Medical Officer, Director of Forest, Director of Agriculture, Director of Animal Husbandry, Director of Education, Zonal Education Officer, Director of Settlement & land Records, etc. The district has 8 statutory towns of which 6 towns [namely, Sekmai Bazar NP, Lamshang NP, Lilong (Imphal West) NP, Wangoi NP, Thongkhong Laxmi Bazar NP and Mayang Imphal NP fall wholly within the district while the area of Samurou NP comprising 4 wards is spread over to the adjoining areas of Thoubal district and the extended portion of Nambol M Cl of Bishnupur district falls in this district. Lamjaotongba, Naoriya Pakhanglakpa, Sagolband and Takyel Mapal are Census Towns taken as an urban area on the fulfillment of the demographic conditions. Each statutory town is divided into a number of wards and has an elected body, the administration of which is run by the Chairman of each town under the close supervision and co – operation of the District and Sub-divisional Officers. For maintenance of law and order the district has a number of police stations working under the direction of the Superintendent of Police. Post Graduate 11 Institute of Medical Sciences known as Regional Institute of Medical Sciences is located in this district besides two main bazars named after Thangal General and Major Paona Brajavarshi also falls in this district. The Manipur Land Revenue and Land reforms Act, 1960 (No.33 of 1960) which consolidates and amends the law relating to land revenue and provides measures of land reform is also applicable to this district.
The district is one of the four valley districts of Manipur and is situated in the central region of the state. Consequent upon the enactment of the 73rd Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1992 the Manipur Panchayat Raj Act was enacted and became effective from 24th April, 1994 in all the valley districts of the state including this district. This Act was subsequently amended in 1996. Under the Act two tier panchayat system has been established, Gram Panchayat at the lower level and Zilla Parishad at the upper level. Proverty alleviation and rural development programmes come under panchayat.